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More than a school


Purpose of the Curriculum

(What will a high quality Geography education do for our children?)

  • Inspire inquisitive minds to find out about the world and its people
  • Equip pupils with a knowledge about diverse places and people
  • Ensure that pupils are aware of our location within the wider world
  • Develop an awareness of  locations and features of places within the world
  • Promote a range of skills to enable pupils to ‘think and work like geographers’ 

Aim of the Curriculum at Smith’s Wood Primary:

By the end of their time at Smith’s Wood Primary Academy, all pupils should be able to:


To have a clear understanding of location

  • To locate Birmingham, the UK and its countries
  • To locate countries of Europe, North and South America 
  • To locate continents, oceans and seas of the world

To have an in depth knowledge of places

  • To identify similarities and differences between the UK, countries in Europe and North and South America
  • To develop a complete understanding of countries (culture, flags, language, etc)

To know the features of physical and human geography

  • To understand weather patterns and climates
  • To know the parts of the water cycle
  • To identify physical features of the world
  • To know the human features of countries studied


To use and apply the skills of a geographer

  • To accurately use a map, globe or atlas
  • To use a compass and know 8 compass points
  • To read and plot co-ordinates and grid references
  • To use a range of accurate geographical vocabulary
  • To plot and follow directions
  • To sketch, plot maps and graphs to support fieldwork studies 

Key Stage 1

Location Knowledge

  • To name and locate the world’s 7 continents and 5 oceans
  • To name, locate and identify characteristics of the 4 countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas
  • To identify and locate Birmingham on a map of the UK
  • To know their own address and phone number

Place Knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country
  • To recognise the flag of the United Kingdom and the flags of the 4 countries that make up the United Kingdom

Physical and Human Geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Pole

‚ÄčGeographical Vocabulary

use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbor and shop 

Key Stage 2

Location Knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place Knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region in North or South America
  • To identify the nationalities, languages and currency of places studied
  • To identify flags of Europe and countries of North and South America 
  • To understand the process of importing and exporting goods and why this is important to countries 

Knowledge or Skills relevant to our school

Key Stage 1

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use simple compass directions (north, south, east and west) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far, left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment
  • to plot and follow routes

Knowledge or Skills relevant to our school

Key Stage 2

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • to read timetables to understand local bus routes
  • use the 8 points of a compass, 4- and 6-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • to know approximate distances between countries and use scales within a map
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies